Read e-book online A History of Race in Muslim West Africa, 1600-1960 PDF

By Bruce S. Hall

ISBN-10: 1107002877

ISBN-13: 9781107002876

The mobilization of neighborhood principles approximately racial distinction has been vital in producing, and intensifying, civil wars that experience happened because the finish of colonial rule in the entire nations that straddle the southern fringe of the Sahara wilderness. From Sudan to Mauritania, the racial different types deployed in modern conflicts usually hearken again to an older background during which blackness can be equated with slavery and non-blackness with predatory and uncivilized banditry. This publication strains the improvement of arguments approximately race over a interval of greater than 350 years in a single very important position alongside the southern fringe of the Sahara wilderness: the Niger Bend in northern Mali. utilizing Arabic files held in Timbuktu, in addition to neighborhood colonial resources in French and oral interviews, Bruce S. corridor reconstructs an African highbrow historical past of race that lengthy predated colonial conquest, and which has persevered to orient inter-African family members ever on the grounds that.

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Would it not be better to rely on context-specific terminology? 24 Closer to the concerns of this book, a number of anthropologists of Mauritania prefer to use the Arabic term “bidan,” which literally means “whites,” to refer to arabophone Mauritanians, rather than invoke the terminology of color and racial difference embedded in the terminology. This can certainly be justified on emic grounds, but very often its purpose is really to obscure for readers the extent to which racial categories are central to Imperial Ideology (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999), 14; Jonathan Elukin, “From Jew to Christian?

This book will reveal the cultural and intellectual logics of race in the Sahel, and it will demonstrate the historical durability of racial arguments there. Above all, it will reveal some of the ways that Africans have used racial language and argument to shape their own social and political milieu. ws/blogs/ChrisRedfield Part One RACE ALONG THE DESERT EDGE, c. 1600–1900 prelude A central argument of this book is that contemporary Sahelian constructions of race owe a great deal to ideas that were developed in the region before the arrival of European colonial forces at the end of the nineteenth century.

Currey, 1992). On the transformations in “native law,” see Martin Chanock, Law, Custom, and Social Order: The Colonial Experience in Malawi and Zambia (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985). 48 What is sometimes called “identity formation” is understood by most Africanist historians as essentially instrumental, constructed to meet immediate social needs rising out of colonial rule. Of course, many configurations of ethnicity in Africa can be traced to the colonial period. 52 The important point here is that Africans brought rich vocabularies and developed concepts about the social world in which they lived into their relationships with Europeans, just as colonial officials carried a late-nineteenth century conceptual vocabulary of race, nation, and tribe.

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A History of Race in Muslim West Africa, 1600-1960 by Bruce S. Hall

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