By Christina Pratt
Shamanism should be outlined because the perform of initiated shamans who're individual by means of their mastery of quite a number altered states of awareness. Shamanism arises from the activities the shaman takes in non-ordinary truth and the result of these activities in traditional fact. it's not a faith, but it calls for non secular self-discipline and private sacrifice from the mature shaman who seeks the top levels of mystical improvement.
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Extra info for An Encyclopedia of Shamanism: N-Z
Hammond, N. Ancient Maya Civilization. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1982. Schele, Linda, and David Freidel. A Forest of Kings: The Untold Story of the Ancient Maya. New York: William Morrow, 1990. Possession Possession refers to the state of being controlled by a spirit or other force. Spirit possession is spontaneous, unintentional, and uncontrolled by the individual being possessed. This state has no purpose other than that of the possessing spirit and is considered an illness.
These things are a matter of record. What must also be noted is the extent to which the conquering governments and religions successfully undermined respect for the shamans and the shamans’ worldview. Even before the systematic persecution, anyone who was called by spirit to become a shaman was deeply reluctant to follow that path. The life of the shaman involves far too much sacrifice 344 in the best of situations for an individual to follow that path when the respect and social support for the role are also removed.
Plant Spirits Plant spirits are the spiritual aspect of wild plants that may or may not take the form of the plant in non-ordinary reality. Like other helping spirits (energies found in the invisible world) plant spirits can assume other forms in the spirit world. Plant spirits are a kind of nature spirit which is a kind of helping spirit that the shaman works with while in an altered state of consciousness. Plant spirits derive their power from the Sun and the earth. Unlike power animals, which are helping spirits available to all people, plant spirits tend to be available only to shamans and other healers who work with the healing powers of plants.
An Encyclopedia of Shamanism: N-Z by Christina Pratt