By Gan Fuxi
The Silk highway is a major artery connecting Europe and Asia for political, low-budget, cultural and technical alternate in antiquity, and glass is without doubt one of the earliest man made fabrics to be invented. learning the starting place and evolution of historic glass alongside the Silk highway is therefore major for realizing the improvement and alternate of tradition and expertise among China and abroad.
This publication, for the 1st time, strains the beginning, evolution and spreading of historical chinese language glass expertise. It collects a wealth of information contributed through chinese language and overseas specialists concerning the historical past and historical past, visible features and chemical compositions of the unearthed historical glasses from alongside the Northern (Oasis) Silk street, in particular from the Xinjiang Province (known because the Western sector in historical times). The booklet provides new result of the reviews on historic glasses alongside the Southern and Sea Silk Roads, and discusses the impression of the Silk highway on historic chinese language glass know-how and artwork.
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Additional info for Ancient Glass Research Along the Silk Road
1 China is the center of the Silk Road in Asia, but not the terminal. It extended to peripheral regions, such as the Korean Peninsula, Japan and Southeast Asia. The Sea Silk Road is another route, linking China with the Mediterranean countries by the maritime route passing through Southeast Asia, India and West Asia. So the Silk Road was hugely expanded both in time and in space afterward. The Silk Road played a very important role in cultural and technical exchange between China and foreign countries in antiquity.
This was also the main reason for increasing the PbO content and not using BaO in ancient glassmaking. High lead silicate glass caused severe corrosion of the Origin and Evolution of Ancient Chinese Glass 29 refractory crucible used for melting glass, so K2O was later used instead of partial PbO, gradually. Hence the potash lead silicate glass got into formation, while its low changing rate of glass viscosity remained. As mentioned above, primitive Chinese people had used KNO3 very early, and accumulated experience on making potash silicate glass.
9. 4 shows the distribution of unearthing sites of ancient Chinese lead barium silicate and potash silicate glasses dating from the Warring States and the Han Dynasty. 6. Glass ritual disk (bi) with a nipple pattern, unearthed at Changsha, Hunan (Warring States period). 7. Glass eye bead unearthed at Wangshan, Jiangling, Hubei (middle Warring States, around 329 BC). 4. Early Chinese high lead silicate glass and potash lead silicate glass (Six Dynasties to Northern Song Dynasty, 200–1200 AD) Ancient Chinese glasses were mostly made into ritual utensils and ornaments to imitate jade ones.
Ancient Glass Research Along the Silk Road by Gan Fuxi