By Jean-Pierre Olivier De Sardan
This e-book re-establishes the relevance of mainstream anthropological (and sociological) methods to improvement procedures and concurrently acknowledges that modern improvement must be anthropology's significant sector of research. The advent offers a thought-provoking exam of the central new methods that experience emerged within the self-discipline throughout the Nineteen Nineties. half I then makes transparent the complexity of social switch and improvement, and the ways that socio-anthropology can degree as much as the problem of this complexity. half II seems extra heavily at the various prime variables interested in the improvement strategy, together with family of construction; the logics of social motion; the character of information; types of mediation; and "political" thoughts.
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Extra resources for Anthropology and Development: Understanding Comtemporary Social Change
Consequently, it is no longer possible to present the diffusion of a health message as a linear ‘telegraphic’ type of communication in which an ‘emitter’ (active) sends a ‘message’ to a ‘receptor’ (passive), a message that is more or less disturbed by ‘parasites’ (interference to be eliminated). The receptor does not receive sense passively, he reconstructs it, ODSardan 02a 15/12/04 6:58 am Page 37 SOME PRELIMINARY STATEMENTS 37 depending both on the context, and on the incessant negotiations in progress.
It could also be called ‘qualitative sociology’ or ‘socio-anthropology’ because, thus defined, it distinguishes itself from quantitativist sociology, based on heavy enquiries through questionnaires, and from patrimonialist ethnology, which focuses on a favoured informant (preferably well initiated). It is the direct opposite of speculative essayism in sociology and anthropology. Anthropology combines the traditions of field sociology (the Chicago School) and field anthropology (ethnography) in order to attempt an intensive in situ analysis of the dynamics of reproduction/transformation of diverse social sets, taking into account actors’ behaviour as well as the meanings they attribute to their behaviour.
16 This observation probably calls to mind the notion of an ‘invisible college’: ‘an invisible college is an informal network of researchers who construct an intellectual paradigm in order to study common topics’ (Rogers, 1983: xviii; see Kuhn, 1970). It would of course be inappropriate to speak of a paradigm in the strict, Kuhnian sense of the word. 17 Social change and development: in Africa or in general? Most of the examples and most of the references used in the present work concern Africa (and rural Africa in particular).
Anthropology and Development: Understanding Comtemporary Social Change by Jean-Pierre Olivier De Sardan